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  Mar 1 2015 9:10AM     Michael Ryan
  2 Comments    8281 Views  
Here Michael Ryan provided a short tutorial with example, How to perform Insert, Update and Delete in DataGridView control in Windows Forms Application using C#.
For binding the gridview and to Perform other operations, First have to create a table in Microsoft SQL Server Database as shown below.
Creating a table
When creating a table make Identity Specification as true for column 'ID'.

Set the table name as shown below.
Stored Procedure
Execute the store procedure SP_Insert_Update_Empinfo to your Database.

CREATE procedure [dbo].[SP_Insert_Update_Empinfo]   
@EmpId varchar(50),   
@EmpName varchar(50),   
@EmpDesg varchar(50),  
@EmpAge INT,  
@EmpAddress varchar(50),  
@EmpExp INT   
SET @Count = (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM Employee WHERE ID=@EmpId)  
 IF(@Count = 0)  
   INSERT INTO Employee   
      (EmployeeName,EmployeeDesc,EmployeeAge,EmployeeAddress,EmployeeExperience) VALUES   
      (@EmpName, @EmpDesg, @EmpAge, @EmpAddress,@EmpExp)   
   UPDATE Employee SET EmployeeName = @EmpName,EmployeeDesc =@EmpDesg, EmployeeAge=@EmpAge,  
      @EmpAddress = @EmpAddress,EmployeeExperience = @EmpExp WHERE ID = @Empid   

Adding a DataGridView to the Windows Form
Firstly you need to add a DataGridView control to the Windows Form from the Visual Studio ToolBox as shown below.

I have designed a Gridview form look like this
I have designed another form for Insert that look like this
After completion of UI design. My Solution explorer looks as shown below.
You will need to import the following namespace.

using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

Binding of data to DataGridView and Insert, Update, Delete in C#
Form_Insert.cs Code

namespace DemoApplication
    public partial class Form_Insert : Form
        public static string Employeeid;
        SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("server=SERVER_NAME;database=DB_NAME;uid=****;password=*****;");

        public Form_Insert()
            if (Form_Grid.empid != null)
                Employeeid = Form_Grid.empid;


        private void Form_Insert_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(Form_Grid.empid))
                SqlCommand Command = new SqlCommand("Select * from employee where Id='" + Employeeid + "'", con);
                SqlDataReader Reader = Command.ExecuteReader();
                if (Reader.HasRows)
                    if (Reader.Read())
                        txtempid.Text = Reader.GetValue(0).ToString();
                        txtempid.Enabled = false;
                        txtempname.Text = Reader.GetValue(1).ToString();
                        txtdesignation.Text = Reader.GetValue(2).ToString();
                        txtAge.Text = Reader.GetValue(3).ToString();
                        txtempaddress.Text = Reader.GetValue(4).ToString();
                        txtExp.Text = Reader.GetValue(5).ToString();                        

        private void submit_Click_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("SP_Insert_Update_Empinfo", con);
            cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
            cmd.Parameters.Add("@EmpId", SqlDbType.NVarChar).Value = txtempid.Text;
            cmd.Parameters.Add("@EmpName", SqlDbType.NVarChar).Value = txtempname.Text;
            cmd.Parameters.Add("@EmpDesg", SqlDbType.NVarChar).Value = txtdesignation.Text;
            cmd.Parameters.Add("@EmpAge", SqlDbType.NVarChar).Value = txtAge.Text;
            cmd.Parameters.Add("@EmpAddress", SqlDbType.NVarChar).Value = txtempaddress.Text;
            cmd.Parameters.Add("@EmpExp", SqlDbType.NVarChar).Value = txtExp.Text;
            lblmessage.Text = "Query Executed Successfully..";

        private void btnReset_Click_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            txtempid.Text = "";
            txtempname.Text = "";
            txtempaddress.Text = "";
            txtdesignation.Text = "";
            txtAge.Text = "";
            txtExp.Text = "";
            lblmessage.Text = "Data Cleared";


        private void GoToGrid_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            Form_Grid objForm_Grid = new Form_Grid();

Form_Grid.cs Code

namespace DemoApplication
    public partial class Form_Grid : Form
        SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("server=SERVER_NAME;database=DB_NAME;uid=***;password=****;");
        public static string empid;

        public string emp
            get { return empid; }
            set { empid = value; }

        public Form_Grid()


        private void Form_Grid_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            Form_Insert objForm_Insert = new Form_Insert();

            DataGridViewLinkColumn Editlink = new DataGridViewLinkColumn();
            Editlink.UseColumnTextForLinkValue = true;
            Editlink.HeaderText = "Edit";
            Editlink.DataPropertyName = "lnkColumn";
            Editlink.LinkBehavior = LinkBehavior.SystemDefault;
            Editlink.Text = "Edit";
            DataGridViewLinkColumn Deletelink = new DataGridViewLinkColumn();
            Deletelink.UseColumnTextForLinkValue = true;
            Deletelink.HeaderText = "delete";
            Deletelink.DataPropertyName = "lnkColumn";
            Deletelink.LinkBehavior = LinkBehavior.SystemDefault;
            Deletelink.Text = "Delete";

        public void displayDataGridView()
            SqlCommand cmd;
            cmd = new SqlCommand("select * from Employee", con);
            cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
            SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            dataGridView1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];
            dataGridView1.AutoGenerateColumns = false;
            dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = false;           

        private void dataGridView1_CellContentClick_1(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
            if (e.ColumnIndex == 6)
                empid = Convert.ToString(dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells["Id"].Value);
                Form_Insert fm2 = new Form_Insert();
            if (e.ColumnIndex == 7)
                empid = Convert.ToString(dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells["Id"].Value);
                SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("delete from employee where Id = '" + empid + "'", con);
                DataSet ds = new DataSet();

From the Form_Insert form, we can add Employee Details,
When clicks, Edit linkButton it will go to Form_Insert Form with appropriate Employee Details. We can edit employee details there.
I hope this page will helps to perform Insert, Update and Delete in DataGridView in Windows Forms Application. Thanks.

Jun 7 2015 5:41AM
Nice article. Thanks
Jul 12 2018 3:00AM

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